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Pediatric dentistry is a science of preventing dental and oral diseases for children. Many people do not know, but the importance of pediatric dentistry is much greater than we first thought, since pediatric dentistry determines the relationship between dental health and dental care throughout the child's life.

The importance of milk teeth

In the human body, two order teeth develop. The first order, the so-called milk dentition (temporary teeth, dentes decidui), begins six months after birth and the remaining teeth (dentes permanentes) after six years of age. Tooth development begins in the 7th week of embryonic life, when the future baby's body "builds" teeth. In order to "develop" healthy teeth, your baby needs a combination of calcium, phosphorus and other minerals and vitamins. Milk tooth growth occurs between 6 and 24 months, but in part all 20 milk teeth develop before birth.

Milk teeth play an important role in the development of correct biting and chewing and in the proper formation of speech sounds. In addition, they have a placeholder role for remaining teeth. Remaining teeth are only discussed after the last tooth has fallen out, and appear in the order in which they appear in the denture.

About dental prevention 

The prevention of dental problems plays a huge role in dental care. The purpose of preventive dentistry is to prevent diseases of the oral cavity and dentition and to prevent their development.

The teeth of children are inherently healthy. What happens in the future to these healthy teeth is primarily the responsibility of the parents, as parents need to teach their children the importance of maintaining the health of their teeth. It is very important that parents take their children to the dentist 3-4 times a year, at a very young age of 2-3 years. Visiting their children every six months with their dentist of their choice and checking the condition of their teeth will only benefit them, as they can discover the problem in time and remedy it, and get advice on how to get a good dental and oral culture.

Many parents mistakenly believe that tooth decay is only a temporary problem because the tooth will fall out anyway. However, this is a wrong line of thought, as decayed milk tooth can cause pain to the child, and premature tooth decay changes the position of the remaining tooth in the breakthrough. This is why it is especially important to have regular screenings to treat the caries in time and not to have the tooth removed early.

Treatment of milk teeth

The structure of the milk teeth is different from that of the remaining teeth, the nerve chambers are much larger, and the enamel layer is thinner, resulting in tooth decay faster, but the complaints are the same as those of the remaining teeth, which can cause pain to the child.

Depending on the size of the lesion, the milk teeth are treated with or without anesthesia. When there is only a small amount of caries on the surface of the tooth, it is much easier to remove the carious part because it is enough to grind the tooth and brush it.

In the case of milk tooth filling, during the process, the carious surface is cleaned well by drilling and then the filling material is not required to anesthetize the infant in all cases. During filling, a special filling material (glass ionomercement) is introduced into the milk tooth, which has the great advantage of serving as a "fluoride storage", thus protecting the milk tooth until the tooth changes, since the tooth filling has to last for the end of its life.

If the caries on the milk teeth are very deep, the tooth is dead or tooth extraction may be necessary. Milk teeth are usually removed with a single movement as only the gums hold them in place. For this reason, it is often sufficient to anesthetize the gums with Lidocain spray for the procedure.

If the perforated milk teeth are not blocked, they may become so damaged that the nerve fiber may become inflamed, causing significant pain to the child. Milk teeth cannot be rooted in the same way as remaining teeth, so they are filled with a unique "mummifying" paste that infiltrates the root canal, preserving and sterilizing the nerve fiber in the canals. This procedure relieves the pain and ensures that the root is absorbed, which is necessary for the tooth to die out.


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