Endodontics, or root canal treatment, is a dental specialty aimed at preventing and treating diseases of the tissues around the tooth and the tooth root. Endodontic interventions therefore include treatments involving the gum tissue.
When root canal treatment is recommended?
It is recommended in cases where caries have reached the pulp chamber and the bacteria have already infected it, causing sensitivity or possibly pain to the patient. Also if the pulp chamber has been opened, inflamed, or the vascular and nerve structures have been absorbed as a result of an accident, or if the tooth is dead, the tooth causes mild pain, or is sensitive to heat. There are cases when the dead tooth causes inflammation of the bone around the tooth root, which can be accompanied by pain, sometimes facial swelling and fever. Root canal treatment may be warranted in cases of periodontal disease or when crowning.
What is root treatment and how is it done?
The tooth consists of the crown , the neck and one or more roots in the jawbone. The function of the roots is to fix the teeth in the jaw. In the root there are nerves. In root treatment, pulp in the pulp chamber and in the root canal is removed, followed by root filling, which means supplying the cleaned canal with sealant.
Thus, the first step in the process is the exploration, mapping and expansion of the root canals, and the final step is the root filling. Our teeth can have 1-4 or even more root canals, depending on tooth groups, so root canal treatment is an extremely demanding intervention.